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Non-traumatic coma in Zambia
journal contributionposted on 1989-01-01, 00:00 authored by J R Sinclair, David WattersDavid Watters, A Bagshaw
A series of 170 patients with non-traumatic coma seen over a 16-month period is reported. The Glasgow coma scale significantly correlated with outcome (P<0.001). The diagnosis was also important in determining outcome. Hospital mortality was lowest in patients with cerebral malaria (22.7%), eclamptic coma (36.4%), and organophosphorous poisoning (30.4%). A diagnostic approach to non-traumatic coma is outlined and the management of the different causes is discussed. Most hospitals in tropical Africa should be able to diagnose up to 90% of cases with non-traumatic coma and simple therapy is likely to be effective in the majority of cases.