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Novel high salt content polymer electrolytes based on high Tg polymers

journal contribution
posted on 03.01.2000, 00:00 authored by Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, S Jiazeng, D MacFarlane
Conductivities greater than or equal to 10−8 S cm−1 at Tg are reported in polymer electrolytes based on lithium triflate salt and a series of polymers whose Tg is greater than 90°C. The highest conductivities were observed for poly(acrylonitrile) based systems with salt concentrations greater than 60 wt.%. The conductivity in all cases investigated increases with increasing salt concentration. 1H-NMR T2 relaxation measurements suggest that Tg decreases with increasing salt content and confirms that these materials are glassy at room temperature and hence that the conductivity is significantly decoupled from the structural relaxations. It appears that the nature of the polymer is important in determining the level of ionic conductivity, possibly due to differences in polymer coordinating ability or differences in Tg. Polymer-in-salt mixtures based on a tetra-alkyl ammonium imide molten salt and several high Tg polymers are also reported. The conductivities of these mixtures appear to be independent of the polymer type.

History

Journal

Electrochimica acta

Volume

45

Issue

8-9

Pagination

1249 - 1254

Publisher

Elsevier Science Pub. Co.

Location

New York, N.Y.

ISSN

0013-4686

eISSN

1873-3859

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2000, Elsevier Science Ltd.