Deakin University

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Numerical Simulation and Analysis of Hydraulic Turbines Based on BIM for Sustainable Development

journal contribution
posted on 2024-01-05, 03:59 authored by Shaonan Sun, Xiaojie Liu, Ruijie Zhang, Chunlu LiuChunlu Liu, Ailing Wang
Hydropower is considered to be an important way to achieve the sustainable development goal of human progress. The performance of turbines is very important to the safety and stability of hydropower stations. Most of the hydraulic turbine performance studies only use Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for performance simulation, lacking the integration of Building Information Modeling (BIM) technology and CFD. Therefore, a performance analysis model of a Francis turbine based on BIM was put forward in this paper. The BIM software OpenBuildings Designer CONNECT Edition Update 10 was used to build the hydraulic turbine model, and then the BIM model was transferred to the CFD numerical simulation platform ANSYS through the intermediate format conversion. In the ANSYS environment, the numerical simulation of different working conditions was carried out with the help of Fluent 2021 R1 software. The numerical simulation results show that the fluid velocity gradient in the volute was 2~3 m/s under the three working conditions, which was relatively stable. The water flow could progress the guide vane mechanism at a higher speed, and the drainage effect of the volute was better. There were some negative pressure areas at the back of the runner blades and the inlet of draft tube, and the negative pressure value was as high as −420,000 Pa and −436,842 Pa under maximum head conditions, which were prone to cavitation erosion. It is proven that BIM supported the hydraulic turbine performance analysis and provided a geometric information model for hydraulic turbine CFD numerical simulation, meaning that the performance analysis model based on BIM is feasible. This study can expand the application value of BIM and provide guidance for the study of hydraulic turbine numerical simulation using BIM technology in combination with CFD methods.






Article number

ARTN 16168


Basel, Switzerland







Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal