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Numerical investigation on bubble size distribution around an underwater vehicle
journal contributionposted on 2018-09-01, 00:00 authored by Sara Vahaji, L Chen, S C P Cheung, J Tu
The interaction of bubbles with flow boundaries has been of high interest for marine engineering; for example, when a propeller is cavitating or air is entrained in the wake of a maneuvering ship, the strong interaction with the boundary layer will lead to the formation of a bubbly wake. To be able to develop the best mitigation strategy, a deep understanding of the associated physics is required. Only a few articles published in open literature address this two-phase fluid system. In the present study, a 3D numerical simulation has been performed to model a bubbly two-phase flow around the DARPA SUBOFF, in which exhaust gas is discharged into the flow around the object to provide a platform for investigating the distribution of the bubbles around a curved body. The two-phase flow is modelled using the Eulerian-Eulerian approach coupled with the MUSIG model. The bubble distribution is characterized based on different gas discharge configurations. It has been found that the boundary layer flow has a strong effect on bubble formation process, particularly encourages the bubble fragmentation. As a result, many small bubbles will be trapped at the aft of the vehicle.