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Nurses' perceptions of point‐of‐care ultrasound for haemodialysis access assessment and guided cannulation: A qualitative study

Version 2 2024-06-03, 00:42
Version 1 2023-10-06, 03:57
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 00:42 authored by Monica SchochMonica Schoch, Paul N Bennett, Judy CurreyJudy Currey, Alison HutchinsonAlison Hutchinson
AbstractAimTo explore nurses' perceptions of using point‐of‐care ultrasound for assessment and guided cannulation in the haemodialysis setting.BackgroundCannulation of arteriovenous fistulae is necessary to perform haemodialysis. Damage to the arteriovenous fistula is a frequent complication, resulting in poor patient outcomes and increased healthcare costs. Point‐of‐care ultrasound‐guided cannulation can reduce the risk of such damage and mitigate further vessel deterioration. Understanding nurses' perceptions of using this adjunct tool will inform its future implementation into haemodialysis practice.DesignDescriptive qualitative study.MethodsRegistered nurses were recruited from one 16‐chair regional Australian haemodialysis clinic. Eligible nurses were drawn from a larger study investigating the feasibility of implementing point‐of‐care ultrasound in haemodialysis. Participants attended a semistructured one‐on‐one interview where they were asked about their experiences with, and perceptions of, point‐of‐care ultrasound use in haemodialysis cannulation. Audio‐recorded data were transcribed and inductively analysed.FindingsSeven of nine nurses who completed the larger study participated in a semistructured interview. All participants were female with a median age of 54 years (and had postgraduate renal qualifications. Themes identified were as follows: (1) barriers to use of ultrasound; (2) deficit and benefit recognition; (3) cognitive and psychomotor development; and (4) practice makes perfect. Information identified within these themes were that nurses perceived that their experience with point‐of‐care ultrasound was beneficial but recommended against its use for every cannulation. The more practice nurses had with point‐of‐care ultrasound, the more their confidence, dexterity and time management improved.ConclusionsNurses perceived that using point‐of‐care ultrasound was a positive adjunct to their cannulation practice and provided beneficial outcomes for patients.Implications for the Profession and/or Patient CareHaemodialysis clinics seeking to implement point‐of‐care ultrasound to help improve cannulation outcomes may draw on these findings when embarking on this practice change.Reporting MethodThis study is reported according to the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ).Patient or Public ContributionPatients were not directly involved in this part of the study; however, they were involved in the implementation study.Trial and Protocol RegistrationThe larger study was registered with Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12617001569392 (21/11/2017) https://anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=373963&isReview=true

History

Journal

Journal of Clinical Nursing

Volume

32

Pagination

8116-8125

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

0962-1067

eISSN

1365-2702

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

23-24

Publisher

Wiley