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Nuts and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Version 2 2024-06-03, 06:47
Version 1 2018-08-10, 09:51
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 06:47 authored by A Coates, A Hill, Sze Yen TanSze Yen Tan
Purpose of Review We review recent epidemiological and clinical studies investigating the consumption of tree nuts and peanuts and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality as well as CVD risk factors. Recent Findings A greater consumption of tree nuts and peanuts is associated with a reduced risk of CVD mortality, as well as lower CVD events. Furthermore, risk factors associated with the development of CVD such as dyslipidemia, impaired vascular function, and hypertension are improved with regular tree nut and peanut consumption through a range of mechanism associated with their nutrient-rich profiles. There is weak inconsistent evidence for an effect of nut consumption on inflammation. There is emerging evidence that consuming tree nuts reduces the incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and promotes diversity of gut microbiota, which in turn may improve CVD outcomes. Summary Evidence for CVD prevention is strong for some varieties of tree nuts, particularly walnuts, and length of supplementation and dose are important factors for consideration with recommendations.

History

Journal

Current Atherosclerosis Reports

Volume

20

Article number

ARTN 48

Pagination

1 - 9

Location

United States

ISSN

1523-3804

eISSN

1534-6242

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, Springer

Issue

10

Publisher

CURRENT MEDICINE GROUP