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Obesity and undernutrition in sub-Saharan African immigrant and refugee children in Victoria, Australia

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journal contribution
posted on 2006-01-01, 00:00 authored by Andre Renzaho, C Gibbons, Boyd SwinburnBoyd Swinburn, Damien Jolley, Catherine Burns
The study assessed the anthropometric status of 337 sub-Saharan African children aged between 3-12 years who migrated to Australia. These children were selected using a snowball sampling method stratified by age, gender and region of origin. The prevalence rates for overweight and obesity were 18.4% (95%CI: 14 - 23%) and 8.6% (95%CI: 6% -12%) respectively. The prevalence rates for the indicators of undernutrition were: wasting 4.3% (95%CI: 1.6%-9.1%), underweight 1.2% (95%CI: 0.3%-3.0%), and stunting 0.3 (95%CI: 0.0%-1.6%). Higher prevalence of overweight/obesity was associated with lower household income level, fewer siblings, lower birth weight, western African background, and single parent households (after controlling for demographic and socio-economic factors). Higher prevalence rates for underweight and wasting were associated with lower household income and shorter lengths of stay in Australia respectively. No effect was found for child's age, gender, parental education and occupation for both obesity and undernutrition indices. In conclusion, obesity and overweight are very prevalent in SSA migrant children and undernutrition, especially wasting, was also not uncommon in this target group.

History

Journal

Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

Volume

15

Issue

4

Pagination

482 - 490

Publisher

HEC Press

Location

Melbourne, Vic

ISSN

0964-7058

eISSN

1440-6047

Language

eng

Notes

Reproduced with the specific permission of the copyright owner.

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2006, HEC Press