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Objectively measured light-intensity physical activity is independently associated with 2-H plasma glucose

journal contribution
posted on 01.06.2007, 00:00 authored by G Healy, David DunstanDavid Dunstan, Jo SalmonJo Salmon, Ester Cerin, J Shaw, P Zimmet, N Owen
Objective: We examined the associations of objectively measured sedentary time, light-intensity physical activity, and moderate- to vigorous-intensity activity with fasting and 2-h postchallenge plasma glucose in Australian adults.

Research Design and Methods: A total of 67 men and 106 women (mean age ± SD 53.3 ± 11.9 years) without diagnosed diabetes were recruited from the 2004–2005 Australian Diabetes, Obesity, and Lifestyle (AusDiab) study. Physical activity was measured by Actigraph  accelerometers worn during waking hours for 7 consecutive days and summarized as sedentary time (accelerometer counts/min <100; average hours/day), light-intensity (counts/min 100-1951), and moderate- to vigorous-intensity (counts/min ≥1,952). An oral glucose tolerance test was used to ascertain 2-h plasma glucose and fasting plasma glucose.

Results: After adjustment for confounders (including waist circumference), sedentary time was positively associated with 2-h plasma glucose (b = 0.29, 95% CI 0.11–0.48, P = 0.002); light-intensity activity time (b = –0.25, –0.45 to –0.06, P = 0.012) and moderate- to vigorous-intensity activity time (b = –1.07, –1.77 to –0.37, P = 0.003) were negatively associated. Light-intensity activity remained significantly associated with 2-h plasma glucose following further adjustment for moderate- to vigorous-intensity activity (b = –0.22, –0.42 to –0.03, P = 0.023). Associations of all activity measures with fasting plasma glucose were nonsignificant (P > 0.05).

Conclusions
: These data provide the first objective evidence that light-intensity physical activity is beneficially associated with blood glucose and that sedentary time is unfavorably associated with blood glucose. These objective data support previous findings from studies using self-report measures, and suggest that substituting light-intensity activity for television viewing or other sedentary time may be a practical and achievable preventive strategy to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

History

Journal

Diabetes care

Volume

30

Issue

6

Pagination

1384 - 1389

Publisher

American Diabetes Association

Location

Alexandria, Va.

ISSN

0149-5992

eISSN

1935-5548

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2007, American Diabetes Association