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Occurrence, Impact on Agriculture, Human Health, and Management Strategies of Zearalenone in Food and Feed: A Review

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Version 2 2024-06-03, 14:57
Version 1 2021-03-11, 08:36
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 14:57 authored by DK Mahato, S Devi, S Pandhi, B Sharma, KK Maurya, S Mishra, K Dhawan, R Selvakumar, M Kamle, AK Mishra, P Kumar
Mycotoxins represent an assorted range of secondary fungal metabolites that extensively occur in numerous food and feed ingredients at any stage during pre- and post-harvest conditions. Zearalenone (ZEN), a mycotoxin categorized as a xenoestrogen poses structural similarity with natural estrogens that enables its binding to the estrogen receptors leading to hormonal misbalance and numerous reproductive diseases. ZEN is mainly found in crops belonging to temperate regions, primarily in maize and other cereal crops that form an important part of various food and feed. Because of the significant adverse effects of ZEN on both human and animal, there is an alarming need for effective detection, mitigation, and management strategies to assure food and feed safety and security. The present review tends to provide an updated overview of the different sources, occurrence and biosynthetic mechanisms of ZEN in various food and feed. It also provides insight to its harmful effects on human health and agriculture along with its effective detection, management, and control strategies.

History

Journal

Toxins

Volume

13

Article number

92

Pagination

1-24

Location

Basel, Switzerland

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

2072-6651

eISSN

2072-6651

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

2

Publisher

MDPI