karantzas-oneyearonwhatwe-2022.pdf (897.82 kB)
Download file

One year on: What we have learned about the psychological effects of COVID-19 social restrictions: A meta-analysis

Download (897.82 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 01.08.2022, 00:00 authored by Laura KnoxLaura Knox, Gery KarantzasGery Karantzas, D Romano, J A Feeney, J A Simpson
This article reports on the first meta-analysis of studies on the association between government-imposed social restrictions and mental health outcomes published during the initial year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Thirty-three studies (N = 131,844) were included. Social restrictions were significantly associated with increased mental health symptoms overall (d =.41 [CI 95%.17–.65]), including depression (d =.83 [CI 95%.30–1.37]), stress (d =.21 [CI 95%.01–.42]) and loneliness (d =.30 [CI 95%.07–.52]), but not anxiety (d =.26 [CI 95% −.04–.56]). Subgroup analyses demonstrated that the strictness and length of restrictions had divergent effects on mental health outcomes, but there are concerns regarding study quality. The findings provide critical insights for future research on the effects of COVID-19 social restrictions.

History

Journal

Current Opinion in Psychology

Volume

46

Article number

101315

Pagination

1 - 12

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

2352-250X

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal