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Outcomes of Zoledronic Acid Use in Paediatric Conditions

Version 2 2024-06-05, 10:50
Version 1 2021-02-04, 08:06
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-05, 10:50 authored by A Lim, PJ Simm, Simon JamesSimon James, SLK Lee, M Zacharin
Introduction: Limited evidence is available concerning experience with use of zoledronic acid (ZA) and treatment for conditions other than primary bone fragility. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of all Royal Children Hospital patients who had been administered at least 1 dose of intravenous ZA from 2002 to 2015 was undertaken. Results: The audit included 309 children with 228 being treated for bone fragility conditions. Of the 228, 68 had height-adjusted lumbar spine bone mineral density Z-scores available over up to a 5-year period, and median increases were +2.0 SD (median absolute deviation = 0.9) (N = 36, p value for median increase of at least 0.5 in Z-score <0.001), for patients with osteogenesis imperfecta or other primary bone fragility disorders, +1.0 SD (0.9) (N = 14, p = 0.029), for immobility conditions, +0.5 SD (0.7) (N = 10, p = 0.399), and for glucocorticoid-induced secondary osteoporosis, +0.7 SD (0.6) (N = 8, p = 0.015). 81/309 children were treated for bone abnormality indications (e.g., avascular necrosis [AVN], fibrous dysplasia, and bone cysts). Of 39 with AVN, outcome data were available for 33, with joint integrity maintained for 24/33 from 6 to 24 months after last ZA, subjective reports (22/28) of reduced pain. Reduction in bone lesion size was seen in 2/4 patients with bone cysts within 12 months of ZA commencement. Discussion/Conclusion: This is the largest cohort of reported outcomes of ZA use in a paediatric population. Results demonstrate a good efficacy profile and associated improved bone density for osteoporotic conditions and stabilization of non-traumatic AVN with a low rate of joint collapse.

History

Journal

Hormone Research in Paediatrics

Volume

93

Pagination

442-452

Location

Switzerland

ISSN

1663-2818

eISSN

1663-2826

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

7-8

Publisher

KARGER