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PPARγ ligands, 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 and rosiglitazone regulate human cultured airway smooth muscle proliferation through different mechanisms

journal contribution
posted on 2004-02-01, 00:00 authored by J Ward, Haslinda Gould, T Harris, J Bonacci, A Stewart
1. The influence of two peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) ligands, a thiazolidinedione, rosiglitazone (RG) and the prostaglandin D2 metabolite 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) on the proliferation of human cultured airway smooth muscle (HASM) was examined.

2. The increases in HASM cell number in response to basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF, 300 pm) or thrombin (0.3 U ml−1) were significantly inhibited by either RG (1–10 μm) or 15d-PGJ2 (1–10 μm). The effects of RG, but not 15d-PGJ2, were reversed by the selective PPARγ antagonist GW9662 (1 μm).

3. Neither RG nor 15d-PGJ2 (10 μm) decreased cell viability, or induced apoptosis, suggesting that the regulation of cell number was due to inhibition of proliferation, rather than increased cell death.

4. Flow-cytometric analysis of HASM cell cycle distribution 24 h after bFGF addition showed that RG prevented the progression of cells from G1 to S phase. In contrast, 15d-PGJ2 caused an increase in the proportion of cells in S phase, and a decrease in G2/M, compared to bFGF alone.

5. Neither RG nor 15d-PGJ2 inhibited ERK phosphorylation measured 6 h post mitogen addition. The bFGF-mediated increase in cyclin D1 protein levels after 8 h was reduced in the presence of 15d-PGJ2, but not RG.

6. Although both RG and 15d-PGJ2 can inhibit proliferation of HASM irrespective of the mitogen used, only the antiproliferative effects of RG appear to be PPARγ-dependent. The different antimitogenic mechanisms of 15d-PGJ2 and synthetic ligands for PPARγ may be exploited to optimise the potential for these compounds to inhibit airway remodelling in asthma.

History

Journal

British journal of pharmacology

Volume

141

Issue

3

Pagination

517 - 525

Publisher

John Wiley & Sons

Location

West Sussex, England

ISSN

0007-1188

eISSN

1476-5381

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2004, Nature Publishing Group

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