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Palaeo-geomorphological significance of Miocene and Pliocene euryhaline Ostracoda in the Nepean 1 borehole, Port Phillip Basin, SE Australia

Version 2 2024-06-03, 11:23
Version 1 2014-10-28, 09:08
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 11:23 authored by Mark WarneMark Warne
Ostracoda able to tolerate significant fluctuations in salinity occur as fossils in latest Late Miocene and earliest Late Pliocene strata of the Nepean 1 borehole within the Port Phillip Basin. The main euryhaline species present are Osticythere baragwanathi (Chapman & Crespin), Leptocythere hartmanni (McKenzie), Xestoleberis cedunaensis Hartmann and Tanella gracilis Kingma. Euryhaline ostracods occur in both high diversity, high abundance fossil ostracod assemblages and in low diversity, high abundance  assemblages. These latest Late Miocene and earliest Late Pliocene fossil ostracod assemblages accumulated close to the maximum point of flooding during respective marine transgressions onto the northern Bass Strait hinterland. The presence of euryhaline Ostracoda in these assemblages  is reminiscent of ostracod occurrences associated with modern day SE Australian barrier coastlines. Euryhaline ostracods are not common in earlier Cenozoic sediments of SE Australia and Osticythere baragwanathi makes its first appearance in the latest Late Miocene beds of the Nepean 1 borehole. This latter occurrence is interpreted to reflect the initial phase of development for the modern SE Australian barrier coastline and in particular, the initial formation of Port Phillip Bay as a coastal geomorphological feature.



Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists






Sydney, N.S.W.





Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2003, Geological Society of Australia


Association of Australasian Palaeontologists