Deakin University

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Parametric finite element study of novel corrugated steel deck for two-way action in steel-concrete composite floors

journal contribution
posted on 2022-10-06, 02:23 authored by K John, Mahmud AshrafMahmud Ashraf, Matthias WeissMatthias Weiss, Riyadh Al-AmeriRiyadh Al-Ameri
Composite construction using steel and concrete is a widely adopted flooring construction technique. Past literature has reported ample research in the development of composite one-way slabs. However, there is a lack of understanding of two-way action in these composite slabs. It has prevented the applicability of two-way steel-concrete composite slabs in floor construction. The performance of a novel deck composed of corrugated hat sections placed orthogonally at equal spacing on a corrugated base sheet has been investigated for achieving two-way action in steel-concrete composite slab construction. Non-linear finite element (FE) models were developed and researched for feasibility in two-way action using the commercial FE package ABAQUS. The decks were analyzed in the construction stage, that is, in the absence of concrete, to isolate the properties of the new steel deck. Various parameters such as depth and spacing of hat section, angle of hat section webs and aspect ratio of the decks were investigated to establish a suitable configuration for two-way action. The effect of the parameters on the load-deflection relationship and distribution of load in two directions were studied to optimize the two-way action. Decks were also analyzed for one-way action to benchmark the change in behavior of the corresponding two-way decks. Obtained numerical results showed that the proposed corrugated deck is efficient in two-way action and could be adopted in two-way steel-concrete composite slabs. The distribution of loads in both directions improved with a decrease in hat-section spacing but increased aspect ratio and depth.







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Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal