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Parenting style as a moderator of the effect of temperament on adolescent externalising and internatlising behaviour problems

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2004, 00:00 authored by Primrose LetcherPrimrose Letcher, John ToumbourouJohn Toumbourou, A Sanson, M Prior, D Smart, F Okerlaid
The direct and interactive effects of temperament and parenting were examined in the prediction of early adolescent externalising behaviour problems (conduct disorder and hyperactivity), internalising problems (depression and anxiety), and substance use, using data on 1,402 13- and 14-year-olds. Significant direct effects were found for four temperament factors (negative reactivity, task persistence, activity, and approach), and four parenting factors (warmth, power assertion, physical punishment, and monitoring). For those high in persistence, low in negative reactivity, or low in activity, problem outcomes were generally very rare, regardless of parenting. Prevalence of behaviour problems was generally elevated among those low in persistence, high in negative reactivity, or high in activity, even in cases where parenting was high in positive qualities such as warmth and monitoring. Prevalence of certain behaviour problems was substantially elevated when low persistence, high negative reactivity, or high activity occurred in combination with lower parental warmth or lower monitoring. The results suggest that parenting can play an important moderating role in the relationship of particular temperament characteristics to behavioural problems. [Author abstract]

History

Journal

Australian educational and developmental psychologist

Volume

19

Issue

2

Pagination

5 - 34

Publisher

Australian Psychological Society

Location

Melbourne, Vic.

ISSN

0816-5122

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2004, Australian Psychological Society

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