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Part 1—you can run but you can’t hide: intrusive thoughts on six continents

journal contribution
posted on 2014-07-01, 00:00 authored by Adam S Radomsky, Gillian M Alcolado, Jonathan S Abramowitz, Pino Alonso, Amparo Belloch, Martine Bouvard, David A Clark, Meredith E Coles, Guy Doron, Hector Fernández-Álvarez, Gemma Garcia-Soriano, Marta Ghisi, Beatriz Gomez, Mujgan Inozu, Richard Moulding, Giti Shams, Claudio Sica, Gregoris Simos, Wing Wong
Most cognitive approaches for understanding and treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) rest on the assumption that nearly everyone experiences unwanted intrusive thoughts, images and impulses from time to time. These theories argue that the intrusions themselves are not problematic, unless they are misinterpreted and/or attempts are made to control them in maladaptive and/or unrealistic ways. Early research has shown unwanted intrusions to be present in the overwhelming majority of participants assessed, although this work was limited in that it took place largely in the US, the UK and other 'westernised' or 'developed' locations. We employed the International Intrusive Thoughts Interview Schedule (IITIS) to assess the nature and prevalence of intrusions in nonclinical populations, and used it to assess (n=777) university students at 15 sites in 13 countries across 6 continents. Results demonstrated that nearly all participants (93.6%) reported experiencing at least one intrusion during the previous three months. Doubting intrusions were the most commonly reported category of intrusive thoughts; whereas, repugnant intrusions (e.g., sexual, blasphemous, etc.) were the least commonly reported by participants. These and other results are discussed in terms of an international perspective on understanding and treating OCD. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

History

Journal

Journal of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders

Volume

3

Issue

3

Pagination

269 - 279

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Location

Amsterdam, Netherlands

ISSN

2211-3649

eISSN

2211-3657

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2014, Elsevier BV