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Part 3. A question of perspective: the association between intrusive thoughts and obsessionality in 11 countries

Version 2 2024-06-13, 16:35
Version 1 2014-11-10, 12:37
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-13, 16:35 authored by DA Clark, J Abramowitz, GM Alcolado, P Alonso, A Belloch, M Bouvard, ME Coles, G Doron, H Fernández-Álvarez, G Garcia-Soriano, M Ghisi, B Gomez, M Inozu, R Moulding, AS Radomsky, G Shams, C Sica, G Simos, W Wong
A key assumption of contemporary cognitive-behavioral models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is that obsessional thoughts exist on a continuum with "normal" unwanted intrusive thoughts. Recently, however, some authors have challenged this notion. The present study aimed to clarify (a) the extent that different types of intrusive thoughts in nonclinical individuals are associated with obsessionality, (b) the relative contribution of frequency, distress and control ratings to obsessionality, and (c) the extent that existing findings (primarily from North American or European samples) generalize to other countries in the world. Five hundred and fifty-four non clinical individuals from 11 different countries were administered an interview assessing the presence, frequency, distress, and perceived control of different types of intrusive thoughts. Participants also completed measures of obsessional beliefs, obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms, and depression. Results from data analyses supported the universality of unwanted intrusive thoughts, the continuity of normal and abnormal obsessions, and the specificity of dirt/contamination, doubt and miscellaneous intrusions to OC symptoms. Implications for intrusive thoughts as a potential vulnerability factor for OCD are discussed. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

History

Journal

Journal of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders

Volume

3

Pagination

292-299

Location

Amsterdam, Netherlands

ISSN

2211-3649

eISSN

2211-3657

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2014, Elsevier BV

Issue

3

Publisher

Elsevier BV