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Patchwork-based multilayer audio watermarking

A multilayer watermarking system is a system that is able to embed watermarks to a host media signal repeatedly in an overlaying manner, without incurring troubles in extracting the watermarks in each layer. In this paper, we present a novel patchwork-based audio watermarking algorithm that can embed and extract watermark bits successfully in such a multilayer framework. In the proposed method, a new watermark embedding algorithm is designed to ensure that the embedded watermarks in a certain layer do not affect the detection of watermarks in other layers. Adding multiple layers of watermark bits inevitably reduces the perceptual quality. However, to minimize the perceptual quality degradation in multilayer watermarking, the audio fragments for watermark embedding are selected from a set of specially arranged discrete cosine transform coefficients of the host audio signal. Watermark embedding is achieved by modifying the mean values of selected sample fragments. With the use of an embedding error buffer, the proposed system can withstand a wide range of common attacks. To maintain the balance between the perceptual quality and robustness, watermark embedding strength is adjusted according to the specific layer used. The proposed multilayer scheme ensures the independence of the processing in different layers. The effectiveness of the proposed system is demonstrated and verified by extensive simulation results.

History

Journal

IEEE/ACM transactions on audio speech and language processing

Volume

25

Issue

11

Pagination

2176 - 2187

Publisher

IEEE

Location

Piscataway, N.J.

ISSN

2329-9290

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2017, IEEE