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Patterns of alcohol use and associated physical and lifestyle characteristics according to new Australian guidelines

journal contribution
posted on 2010-10-01, 00:00 authored by Carolyn Coulson, Lana WilliamsLana Williams, Margaret Rogers, Michael BerkMichael Berk, D Lubman, Sharon Brennan-OlsenSharon Brennan-Olsen, G Nicholson, Mark Kotowicz, S Korn, Julie PascoJulie Pasco
Objective: To describe the pattern of alcohol consumption and associated physical and lifestyle characteristics in a population-based sample of Australian men.
Method: A community-based age-stratifi ed random sample of 1420 men (median age 56 years, range 20 – 93) participating in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study, an epidemiological study set in south-eastern Australia. Daily alcohol intake was ascertained from a detailed food frequency questionnaire and categorized according to the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council 2009 guidelines (non-drinkers, greater than zero but ≤ 2 drinks per day, > 2 drinks per day), with a standard drink equivalent to 10 g of ethanol. Anthropometry was measured and lifestyle factors self-reported. Body composition was determined using dual energy absorptiometry. Socio-economic status was categorized according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics data. Results were age standardized to the Australian male population figures.
Results: The median daily ethanol consumption was 12 g (IQR 2 – 29) per day with a range of 0 – 117 g/day. The age-standardized proportion of non-drinkers was 8.7%, 51.5% consumed up to two drinks per day ( ≤ 20 g ethanol/day), and 39.9% exceeded 2 standard drinks per day ( > 20 g ethanol/day). Alcohol consumption was positively associated with cigarette smoking, weight, higher SES and inversely with age and physical activity.
Conclusions: Approximately, 40% of Australian men consume alcohol at levels in excess of current recommendations, which in combination with other risk factors may adversely impact upon health.



Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry






946 - 951


Informa Healthcare


Abingdon, England





Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article

Copyright notice

2010, The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists

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