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Pectinase production by solid fermentation from Aspergillus niger by a new prescription experiment

journal contribution
posted on 2006-01-01, 00:00 authored by D Jing, P Li, Francesco Stagnitti, Xianzhe Xiong, L Li
The Ordos Plateau in China is covered with up to 300,000 ha of peashrub (Caragana) which is the dominant natural vegetation and ideal for fodder production. To exploit peashrub fodder, it is crucially important to optimize the culture conditions, especially culture substrate to produce pectinase complex. In this study, a new prescription process was developed. The process, based on a uniform experimental design, first optimizes the solid substrate and second, after incubation, applies two different temperature treatments (30 °C for the first 30 h and 23°C for the second 42 h) in the fermentation process. A multivariate regression analysis is applied to a number of independent variables (water, wheat bran, rice dextrose, ammonium sulfate, and Tween 80) to develop a predictive model of pectinase activity. A second-degree polynomial model is developed which accounts for an excellent proportion of the explained variation (R2 = 97:7%). Using unconstrained mathematical programming, an optimized substrate prescription for pectinase production is subsequently developed. The mathematical analysis revealed that the optimal formula for pectinase production from Aspergillus niger by solid fermentation under the conditions of natural aeration, natural substrate pH (about 6.5), and environmental humidity of 60% is rice dextrose 8%, wheat bran 24%, ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4) 6%, and water 61%. Tween 80 was found to have a negative effect on the production of pectinase in solid substrate. With this substrate prescription, pectinase produced by solid fermentation of A. niger reached 36.3 IU/(g DM). Goats fed on the pectinase complex obtain an incremental increase of 0:47 kg day-1 during the initial 25 days of feeding, which is a very promising new feeding prospect for the local peashrub. It is concluded that the new formula may be very useful for the sustainable development of arid and semiarid pastures such as those of the Ordos Plateau.

History

Journal

Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

Volume

64

Issue

2

Pagination

244 - 250

Publisher

Academic Press

Location

St. Louis, Mo.

ISSN

0147-6513

eISSN

1090-2414

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article

Copyright notice

2005, Elsevier

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