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Periodic virtual hierarchy: A trust model for smart grid devices

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-22, 23:08 authored by A Moussavi-Khalkhali, R Krishnan, M Jamshidi
Authentication among various devices that form a smart grid is a fundamental issue. Due to the large-scale, distributed, and heterogeneous nature of a smart grid, authenticating devices based on their credentials such as secret keys is often not practical. Alternatively, certificate-based trust relationships can facilitate interactions in such scenarios. Two pivotal trust relationship models, hierarchical and peer-to-peer, have been well-researched in the literature. However, the devices in a smart grid do not benefit exclusively from a single trust relationship model owing to the heterogeneous nature of its control structure. In this paper, we propose a periodic hierarchical trust relationship model suitable for real-time applications in a smart grid and robust to the single point of failure problem, which is common in hierarchies. The proposed model deploys a two-layer security authentication mechanism among different devices within those domains in which there are control hierarchies using short-term and long-term certificates, the latter of which is verified periodically.

History

Journal

International Journal of Security and its Applications

Volume

10

Pagination

249 - 266

ISSN

1738-9976

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