quirk-personalitydisorderand-2020.pdf (135.13 kB)
Download file

Personality Disorder and Physical Health Comorbidities: A Link With Bone Health?

Download (135.13 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2020-12-08, 00:00 authored by Lana WilliamsLana Williams, Shae QuirkShae Quirk, H Koivumaa-Honkanen, R Honkanen, Julie PascoJulie Pasco, Amanda StuartAmanda Stuart, Bianca KavanaghBianca Kavanagh, J Heikkinen, Michael BerkMichael Berk
We examined whether personality disorders (PDs) (any, cluster A/B/C) were associated with bone mineral density (BMD) in a population-based sample of Australian women (n = 696). Personality and mood disorders were assessed using semi-structured diagnostic interviews. BMD was measured at the spine, hip, and total body using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (GE-Lunar Prodigy). Anthropometrics, medication use, physical conditions, and lifestyle factors were documented. The association between PDs (any, cluster A/B/C) and BMD (spine/hip/total body) was examined with multiple linear regression models. The best models were identified by backward elimination including age, weight, physical activity, smoking status, alcohol consumption, dietary calcium intake, mood disorders, physical multimorbidity, socioeconomic status, and medications affecting bone. The variables were retained in the model if p < 0.05. All potential interactions in final models were tested. Those with cluster A PD, compared to those without, had 6.7% lower hip BMD [age, weight adjusted mean 0.853 (95% CI 0.803–0.903) vs. 0.910 (95% CI 0.901–0.919) g/cm2, p = 0.027] and 3.4% lower total body BMD [age, weight, smoking, alcohol, calcium adjusted mean 1.102 (95% CI 1.064–1.140) vs. 1.139 (95% CI 1.128–1.150) g/cm2, p = 0.056]. No associations were observed between cluster B/C PDs and hip/total body BMD or between any of the PD clusters and spine BMD. To our knowledge, this study is the first to investigate the bone health of women with PD in a population-based sample. Given the paucity of literature, replication and longitudinal research including the examination of underlying mechanisms and sex differences are warranted.



Frontiers in Psychiatry



Article number



1 - 6


Frontiers Media


Lausanne, Switzerland







Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2020, Williams, Quirk, Koivumaa-Honkanen, Honkanen, Pasco, Stuart, Kavanagh, Heikkinen and Berk