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Personality, communication, and depressive symptoms across the transition to parenthood: a dyadic longitudinal investigation

journal contribution
posted on 01.03.2015, 00:00 authored by Emma MarshallEmma Marshall, J A Simpson, W S Rholes
© 2015 European Association of Personality Psychology. © 2015 European Association of Personality Psychology. This study adopted a person (actor) by partner perspective to examine how actor personality traits, partner personality traits, and specific actor by partner personality trait interactions predict actor's depressive symptoms across the first 2years of the transition to parenthood. Data were collected from a large sample of new parents (both partners in each couple) 6weeks before the birth of their first child, and then at 6, 12, 18, and 24months postpartum. The results revealed that higher actor neuroticism and lower partner agreeableness predicted higher levels of depressive symptoms in actors. Moreover, the specific combination of high actor neuroticism and low partner agreeableness was a particularly problematic combination, which was intensified when prepartum dysfunctional problem-solving communication and aggression existed in the relationship. These results demonstrate the importance of considering certain actor by partner disposition pairings to better understand actors' emotional well-being during major life transitions. Copyright

History

Journal

European journal of personality

Volume

29

Issue

2

Pagination

216 - 234

Publisher

Wiley

Location

Chichester, Eng.

ISSN

0890-2070

eISSN

1099-0984

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2015, European Association of Personality Psychology