Physical Health, Media Use, and Mental Health in Children and Adolescents With ADHD During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Australia
journal contributionposted on 2022-02-01, 00:00 authored by Emma SciberrasEmma Sciberras, P Patel, Mark StokesMark Stokes, D Coghill, C M Middeldorp, M A Bellgrove, S P Becker, D Efron, A Stringaris, Stephen V Faraone, Susannah Bellows, J Quach, T Banaschewski, Jane McGillivrayJane McGillivray, Delyse HutchinsonDelyse Hutchinson, Tim SilkTim Silk, Glenn MelvinGlenn Melvin, Amanda WoodAmanda Wood, A Jackson, George Frederick Arthur LoramGeorge Frederick Arthur Loram, Lidia Engel, A Montgomery, Elizabeth WestruppElizabeth Westrupp
Objective: To examine the impact of COVID-19 restrictions among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: Parents of 213 Australian children (5–17 years) with ADHD completed a survey in May 2020 when COVID-19 restrictions were in place (i.e., requiring citizens to stay at home except for essential reasons). Results: Compared to pre-pandemic, children had less exercise (Odds Ratio (OR) = 0.4; 95% CI 0.3–0.6), less outdoor time (OR = 0.4; 95% 0.3–0.6), and less enjoyment in activities (OR = 6.5; 95% CI 4.0–10.4), while television (OR = 4.0; 95% CI 2.5–6.5), social media (OR = 2.4; 95% CI 1.3–4.5), gaming (OR = 2.0; 95% CI 1.3–3.0), sad/depressed mood (OR = 1.8; 95% CI 1.2–2.8), and loneliness (OR = 3.6; 95% CI 2.3–5.5) were increased. Child stress about COVID-19 restrictions was associated with poorer functioning across most domains. Most parents (64%) reported positive changes for their child including more family time. Conclusions: COVID-19 restrictions were associated with both negative and positive impacts among children with ADHD.