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Physical activity and television viewing in relation to risk and undiagnosed abnormal glucose metabolism in adults

journal contribution
posted on 27.11.2004, 00:00 authored by David DunstanDavid Dunstan, Jo SalmonJo Salmon, N Owen, T Armstrong, P Zimmet, T Welborn, Adrian CameronAdrian Cameron, T Dwyer, Damien Jolley, J Shaw
OBJECTIVE--The goal of this study was to assess the associations of physical activity time and television (TV) time with risk of "undiagnosed" abnormal glucose metabolism in Australian adults.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS--
This population-based cross-sectional study using a stratified cluster design involving 42 randomly selected Census Collector Districts across Australia included 8,299 adults aged 25 years or older who were free from new type 2 diabetes and self-reported ischemic disease and did not take lipid lowering or antihypertensive drugs. Abnormal glucose metabolism (impaired fasting glycetnia [IFG], impaired glucose tolerance [IGT], or new type 2 diabetes) was based on an oral glucose tolerance test Self reported physical activity time and TV time (previous week) were assessed using interviewer administered questionnaires.

RESULTS--Alter adjustment for known confounders and TV time, the odds ratio (OR) of having abnormal glucose metabolism was 0.62 (95% CI 0.41-0.96) in men and 0.71 (0.501.00) in women for those engaged in physical activity [greater than or equal to] 2.5 h/week compared with those who were sedentary (0 h/week). The ORs of having abnormal glucose metabolism were 1.16 (0.791.70) in men and 1.49 (1.12-1.99) in women who watched TV > 14 h/week compared with those who watched [less than or equal to] 7.0 h/week. Higher TV viewing (> 14 h/week) was also associated with an increased risk of new type 2 diabetes in men and women and IGT in women compared with those watching < 14 h/week. Total physical activity of [greater than or equal to] 2.5 h/week was associated with a reduced risk of IFG, IGT, and new type 2 diabetes in both sexes: however, only the association with IGT in women was statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS--These findings suggest a protective effect of physical activity and a deleterious effect of TV time on the risk of abnormal glucose metabolism in adults. Population strategies to reduce risk of abnormal glucose metabolism should focus on reducing sedentary behaviors such as TV time, as well as increasing physical activity.

History

Journal

Diabetes care

Volume

27

Issue

11

Pagination

2603 - 2609

Publisher

American Diabetes Association

Location

Alexandria, Va.

ISSN

0149-5992

eISSN

1935-5548

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2004, American Diabetes Association