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Physical functioning, emotional, and behavioral problems in children with ADHD and comorbid ASD : a cross-sectional study

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2018, 00:00 authored by Simone ThomasSimone Thomas, Emma SciberrasEmma Sciberras, Kate LycettKate Lycett, Nicole Papadopoulos, Nicole Rinehart
OBJECTIVE: To examine (a) physical and daily functioning in children with ADHD and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared with ADHD alone and (b) whether decreased physical quality of life (QoL) is associated with increased emotional and behavioral problems in children with ADHD-ASD. METHOD: Cross-sectional study comprising 392 children with confirmed ADHD (ADHD-ASD, n = 93; ADHD alone, n = 299) recruited from 21 pediatric practices in Victoria, Australia. Data were collected via parent and teacher surveys. Key measures included the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL). RESULTS: Children with ADHD-ASD had poorer QoL across both psychosocial and physical health domains, and also had greater parent-reported behavioral, emotional, and peer problems, compared with children with ADHD alone. Poorer physical QoL partially mediated the relationship between comorbid ASD status and poorer emotional and behavioral functioning. CONCLUSION: The comorbid overlay of ASD in ADHD appears to influence not only problems in physical functioning but also the severity of problems relating to areas of emotional and behavioral functioning.

History

Journal

Journal of attention disorders

Volume

22

Issue

10

Pagination

1002 - 1007

Publisher

SAGE Publications

Location

Thousand Oaks, Calif.

ISSN

1557-1246

eISSN

1557-1246

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2015, SAGE Publications