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Physical trends and structural features in organic salts of the thiocyanate anion

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2002, 00:00 authored by Jenny PringleJenny Pringle, J Golding, C Forsyth, G Deacon, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, D MacFarlane
A new series of ionic liquids based on the thiocyanate anion has been prepared. Incorporation of this anion with an imidazolium, tetraalkylammonium or pyrrolidinium cation produces ionic liquids with advantageously low melting points and good thermal stability. The low temperature phase behaviour of the salts has been investigated using differential scanning calorimetry and multiple solid phases have been observed. The electrochemical windows of representative imidazolium and pyrrolidinium species have been investigated by cyclic voltammetry and determined to be 2.4 and 3.5 V, respectively. In addition, the solid-state structure of N,N-dimethylpyrrolidinium thiocyanate has been determined by X-ray crystallography. This is the first reported structure of a pyrrolidinium thiocyanate species and shows a layered structure with linear thiocyanate groups having bond lengths comparable to those observed in similar SCN−-containing species.

History

Journal

Journal of materials chemistry

Volume

12

Issue

12

Pagination

3475 - 3480

Publisher

Royal Society of Chemistry

Location

Cambridge, England

ISSN

0959-9428

eISSN

1364-5501

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2002, The Royal Society of Chemistry