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Poly(ethylene oxide carbonates) solid polymer electrolytes for lithium batteries

journal contribution
posted on 20.02.2018, 00:00 authored by L Meabe, T V Huynh, N Lago, H Sardon, C Li, Luke O'DellLuke O'Dell, M Armand, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, D Mecerreyes
Poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) is the gold standard matrix for polymer electrolytes used in actual all-solid lithium batteries. However, PEO solid polymer electrolytes show some limitations; such as relatively low ionic conductivity and lithium transference number resulting in the actual polymer-lithium batteries operating at 70 °C. In the last years, polycarbonates (PC) have been presented as an alternative polymer matrix with superior ionic conductivity for solid batteries which may work at room temperature. In this article we systematically investigated the properties of new polymers which combine varying composition of both ethylene oxide and carbonate groups. A series of poly(ethylene oxide carbonates) (PEO-PCs) have been synthesized by polycondensation between different ethylene oxide diols and dimethyl carbonate. As a result, eight new PEO-PCs with number of ethylene oxide units ranging from 2 to 45 between carbonate groups were synthesized and characterized in terms of physico-chemical properties (Tmand Tg). These PEO2-45-PC were formulated as solid polymer electrolytes (SPE) by adding different amounts of bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide lithium salt. The effect of the SPE composition (ethylene oxide/carbonate ratio, salt content) on the ionic conductivity and thermal properties (glass transition temperature and melting temperature) was investigated. The optimum SPEs showing the lowest glass transition temperature led to highest ionic conductivity value of 3.7·10−5S cm−1at room temperature. FTIR spectra revealed the coordination between the carbonate groups in the polymer chain and the lithium salt.7Li-19F NMR analysis T1relaxation and diffusion coefficients measurements indicated local dynamics that correlates with the general conductivity behaviour.

History

Journal

Electrochimica acta

Volume

264

Pagination

367 - 375

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0013-4686

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, Elsevier Ltd.