Deakin University

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Polymorphisms in genes encoding drug metabolizing enzymes and their influence on the outcome of children with neuroblastoma

journal contribution
posted on 2007-09-01, 00:00 authored by L J Ashton, J E Murray, M Haber, G M Marshall, David Ashley, M D Norris
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have shown that drug metabolizing enzyme gene polymorphisms may influence the impact of therapy in childhood leukemia, no comprehensive investigations have been carried out in children with neuroblastoma. The aim of this study was to identify polymorphisms in the genes encoding phase I and II drug metabolizing enzymes associated with the risk of relapse or death in a cohort of 209 children with neuroblastoma. METHODS: Real-time PCR allelic discrimination was used to characterize the presence of polymorphisms in DNA from children with neuroblastoma. Three broad gene categories were examined: cytochrome P450, glutathione-S-transferase and N-acetyltransferase. Cumulative event-free survival was computed by the Kaplan-Meier method. The influence of selected factors on event-free survival was tested using the Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: As previously reported, amplification of MYCN (hazards ratio=4.25, 95% confidence interval=2.76-6.56, P<0.001), unfavorable stage (hazard ratio=4.14, 95% confidence interval=2.3-7.47, P<0.001) or age more than 1 year at diagnosis (hazard ratio=1.86, 95% confidence interval=1.19-2.92, P=0.007) were all associated with an increased risk of relapse or death. Carriers of a NAT1*11 allele variant were significantly less likely to relapse or die compared with those with NAT1*10 or other NAT1 allele variants (P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, children who were GSTM1 null were more likely to relapse or die during follow-up after adjusting for MYCN amplification, stage and age at diagnosis (hazard ratio=1.6, 95% confidence interval=1.02-2.9, P=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: These observations suggest that the NAT1*11 variant and the GSTM1 wild-type genotype contribute to a more favorable outcome in patients treated for neuroblastoma and are the first to demonstrate a relationship between NAT1 and GSTM1 genotypes in childhood neuroblastoma.



Pharmacogenetics and genomics






709 - 717


Lippincott Williams & Wilkins


Philadelphia, Pa.







Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2007, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins