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Polyunsaturated fatty acids reduce non-receptor-mediated transcellular permeation of protein across a model of intestinal epithelium in vitro
journal contributionposted on 2024-01-16, 04:06 authored by O Rosella, Andrew SinclairAndrew Sinclair, PR Gibson
Background: Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids influence the natural history of intestinal inflammatory diseases. Varying the types of long-chain fatty acids that are exposed to cells alters the physicochemical properties of cell membranes. This study aimed to determine whether such variations alter transcellular and paracellular permeability in intestinal epithelium. Methods: Monolayers of Caco-2 cells, allowed to differentiate by culturing for 7 days following confluence, were used as the model for intestinal epithelium. Paracellular permeability was assessed by measurement of transepithelial resistance, while transcellular permeability was assessed by the transepithelial flux of horseradish peroxidase. Results: Exposure of the cells to 100 μmol/L of palmitic acid, oleic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, or linoleic acid, was not toxic to cells (measured by leakage of lactate dehydrogenase), and altered cell membrane fatty acid composition (as measured by gas chromatography). Flux of horseradish peroxidase was significantly affected by 24 h fatty acid exposure (P = 0.038, ANOVA), being decreased by 23 ± 6% (mean ± SEM) by eicosapentaenoic acid and 25 ± 3% by linoleic acid. Oleic acid, palmitic acid and butyrate, had no effect. Transepithelial resistance also varied significantly across the treatment groups (P<0.001) due to a 28 ± 5% increase induced by butyrate. The long-chain fatty acids had no effect. Conclusions: Both ω-3 and ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids reduce transcellular, non-receptor-mediated permeation of proteins across differentiated Caco2 cell monolayers, without altering paracellular permeability. Alteration of intestinal barrier function should be considered as a possible mechanism of action of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids. (C) 2000 Blackwell Science Asia Pty Ltd.
ButyratesCaco-2 CellsCell MembraneCell Membrane PermeabilityEicosapentaenoic AcidFatty AcidsFatty Acids, UnsaturatedHorseradish PeroxidaseHumansIntestinal MucosaL-Lactate DehydrogenaseLinoleic AcidOleic AcidPalmitic AcidPermeabilityProteinsNutritionPreventionComplementary and Integrative HealthDigestive Diseases