Deakin University

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Preference mapping of different water-to-rice ratios in cooked aromatic white jasmine rice

journal contribution
posted on 2020-05-01, 00:00 authored by Clinton Maleki, P Oliver, S Lewin, Gie LiemGie Liem, Russell KeastRussell Keast
The volume of water is a key variable affecting texture and flavor attributes of cooked rice with a significant influence on consumer preference. The aim of this study was to determine the attributes driving consumer preference for rice cooked with different water-to-rice ratios. Descriptive analysis (DA) methodology was employed to profile aromatic white Jasmine rice and a consumer study was run to determine preference for water-to-rice ratios. A DA panel (n = 12) evaluated ten aroma, four taste and flavor, three texture, and six appearance attributes for aromatic white Jasmine rice cooked with four water-to-rice ratios (1.125:1, 1.5:1, 1.875:1, and 2.25:1). Rice consumers (n = 117) evaluated preferences of the same aromatic white Jasmine rice cooked with the aforementioned water-to-rice ratios. DA results revealed floral aroma, firmness, chewiness, coarseness, stickiness/cohesiveness, and fluffiness were significantly influenced by an increasing water-to-rice ratio. There was no significant effect of water-to-rice ratios on consumer preferences (χ2 (3, 117) = 1.17; P = 0.76). Consumers were grouped into three clusters with similar preference patterns using agglomerative hierarchical clustering. External preference mapping techniques run on each consumer cluster determined the water-to-rice ratios 1.125:1 and 1.875:1 as having the largest appeal to heavy consumers of rice, split by preferences for fluffy or sticky cooked rice. The water-to-rice ratio 1.5:1 was not dominated by any single attribute or group of attributes, appealing to less frequent rice consumers. Therefore, the water-to-rice ratios 1.125:1, 1.5:1, and 1.875:1 should satisfy the broadest groups of Australian rice consumers. Practical Application: Rice, a high volume commodity can be cooked using a variety of methods and volumes of water. The findings of this research will help manufacturers market water-to-rice ratios, assisting consumers in identifying cooked rice for which they have a preference.



Journal of food science






1576 - 1585




Chichester, Eng.







Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal