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Preschoolers' physical activity, screen time, and compliance with recommendations

journal contribution
posted on 01.03.2012, 00:00 authored by Trina Hinkley, Jo SalmonJo Salmon, A Okely, David CrawfordDavid Crawford, Kylie HeskethKylie Hesketh
Purpose: Little evidence exists about the prevalence of adequate levels of physical activity and of appropriate screen-based entertainment in preschool children. Previous studies have generally relied on small samples. This study investigates how much time preschool children spend being physically active and engaged in screen-based entertainment. The study also reports compliance with the recently released Australian recommendations for physical activity (>=3 h·d-1) and screen entertainment (<=1 h·d-1) and the National Association for Sport and Physical Education physical activity guidelines (>=2 h·d-1) and American Academy of Pediatrics screen-based entertainment recommendations (<=2 h·d-1) in a large sample of preschool children.

Methods: Participants were 1004 Melbourne preschool children (mean age = 4.5 yr, range = 3–5 yr) and their families in the Healthy Active Preschool Years study. Physical activity data were collected by accelerometry during an 8-d period. Parents reported their child’s television/video/DVD viewing, computer/Internet, and electronic game use during a typical week. A total of 703 (70%) had sufficient accelerometry data, and 935 children (93%) had useable data on time spent in screen-based entertainment.

Results:
Children spent 16% (approximately 127 min·d-1) of their time being physically active. Boys and younger children were more active than were girls and older children, respectively. Children spent an average of 113 min·d-1 in screen-based entertainment. Virtually no children (<1%) met both the Australian recommendations and 32% met both the National Association for Sport and Physical Education and American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations.

Conclusions:
The majority of young children are not participating in adequate amounts of physical activity and in excessive amounts of screen-based entertainment. It is likely that physical activity may decline and that screen-based entertainment may increase with age. Compliance with recommendations may be further reduced. Strategies to promote physical activity and reduce screen-based entertainment in young children are required.

History

Journal

Medicine and science in sports and exercise

Volume

44

Issue

3

Pagination

458 - 465

Publisher

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Location

Philadelphia, Pa.

ISSN

0195-9131

eISSN

1530-0315

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2012, American College of Sports Medicine