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Prevalence and correlates of resistance training skill competence in adolescents

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2018, 00:00 authored by J J Smith, M DeMarco, S G Kennedy, M Kelson, Lisa BarnettLisa Barnett, A D Faigenbaum, D R Lubans
The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence and correlates of adolescents' resistance training (RT) skill competence. Participants were 548 adolescents (14.1 ± 0.5 years) from 16 schools in New South Wales, Australia. RT skills were assessed using the Resistance Training Skills Battery. Demographics, BMI, muscular fitness, perceived strength, RT self-efficacy, and motivation for RT were also assessed. The proportion demonstrating "competence" and "near competence" in each of the six RT skills were calculated and sex differences explored. Associations between the combined RT skill score and potential correlates were examined using multi-level linear mixed models. Overall, the prevalence of competence was low (range = 3.3% to 27.9%). Females outperformed males on the squat, lunge and overhead press, whereas males performed better on the push-up (p < .05). Significant associations were seen for a number of correlates, which largely differed by sex. Muscular fitness was moderately and positively associated with RT skills among both males (β = 0.34, 95%CIs = 0.23 to 0.46) and females (β = 0.36, 95%CIs = 0.23 to 0.48). Our findings support a link between RT skills and muscular fitness. Other associations were statistically significant but small in magnitude, and should therefore be interpreted cautiously.

History

Journal

Journal of sports sciences

Volume

36

Issue

11

Pagination

1241 - 1249

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Location

Abingdon, Eng.

eISSN

1466-447X

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

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