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Preventing Type 2 Diabetes in Women with Previous Gestational Diabetes: Reviewing the Implementation Gaps for Health Behavior Change Programs
journal contributionposted on 2020-11-01, 00:00 authored by S Lim, M Chen, M Makama, Sharleen O'ReillySharleen O'Reilly
AbstractGestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) places a woman at high risk of developing subsequent type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), particularly in the first 5 years postpartum. Engaging women in health behavior change during this period is challenging and current diabetes prevention programs were developed for middle-aged adults, all of which have limited the evidence on successful implementation for this high-risk population. In this review, we will first summarize the effects of existing diabetes prevention programs in women with a history of GDM. Second, we suggest that the programs need to be modified according to the facilitators and barriers faced by this population. Third, we propose that improving program penetration, fidelity, and participation is critical for population-level success. Finally, we outline the research priorities to improve the implementation of diabetes prevention programs for postpartum women with a history of GDM.