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Processing and quality of cashmere tops for ultra-fine wool worsted blend fabrics

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journal contribution
posted on 2004-01-01, 00:00 authored by Bruce McGregor, R Postle
This study has focussed on three main areas. First, an evaluation of the physical attributes of cashmere tops available to commercial spinners; second, the influence of processing variables on the efficiency of producing cashmere tops from raw Australian cashmere; and third, the influence of design of cashmere ultrafine wool blends on the fibre curvature of tops. Testing the physical attributes of cashmere tops from traditional and new sources of supply, was followed by statistical analyses based on factors of origin, processor and other determinants. The analyses demonstrated important processor effects and also that cashmere from different origins shows commercially important variations in fibre attributes. It was possible to efficiently produce Australian cashmere tops with Hauteur, tenacity, extension, softness and residual guard hairs quality attributes equivalent to those observed in the best cashmere tops. The blending of cashmere with wool resulted in a reduction of the mean fibre curvature of the blend compared with the unblended wool. The present work demonstrated that the fibre curvature properties of blended low crimp ultrafine wool tops were closer to the properties of pure cashmere tops than were tops made from blended standard high crimp ultrafine wool. The attributes of textiles made from the relatively rare Australian low curvature cashmere could enhance the marketability of both Australian cashmere and low curvature wool.

History

Journal

International journal of clothing science and technology

Volume

16

Issue

1-2

Pagination

119 - 131

Publisher

Emerald

Location

Bingley, England

ISSN

0955-6222

eISSN

1758-5953

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2004, Emerald

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