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Promoting tech transfer between space and global mental health

journal contribution
posted on 2020-09-01, 00:00 authored by D D Chang, E A Storch, L Black, Michael BerkMichael Berk, N Pellis, H Lavretsky, J Sutton, K Ternes, M Shepanek, E Smith, R Abbott, H A Eyre
INTRODUCTION: Numerous issues in mental health benefit from technological innovation. An example involves the mental health challenges of long-duration spaceflight (such as a Mars mission), including prolonged confinement, microgravity, and different sunlight exposure lengths.
Persisting on Earth are global mental health challenges stemming from disease burdens, limited interview-based diagnostic systems, trial-and-error treatment approaches, and suboptimal access. There is potential for cross-pollinating solutions between these seemingly disparate challenges using
a range of emerging technologies such as sensors, omics, and big data. In this review, we highlight the bidirectional value of mental health technology transfer aimed to address issues both on Earth and in space.METHODS: We prepared a systematic review of studies pertaining to mental
health technological innovation and space medicine.RESULTS: For Earth mental health technologies translatable to long-duration space missions, we cite several example technologies, including device-based psychotherapy and social support, conversational agents aka chatbots, and nutritional
and physical activity focused mental health. Space technologies translatable to Earth mental health include remote sensing devices, global navigation satellite systems, satellite communications, chronotherapies, and nutritional advances.DISCUSSION: There is a rich history of space
technologies informing Earth technological trends, including general health care on Earth, and vice versa. To avoid the traditional happenstance approach that results in delays, missed opportunities, and increased cost, and to improve outcomes for both Earth and space utilization of these
technologies, we propose increased dialogue and training opportunities to enhance innovation and outcomes.Chang DD, Storch EA, Black L, Berk M, Pellis N, Lavretsky H, Sutton J, Ternes K, Shepanek M, Smith E, Abbott R, Eyre HA. Promoting tech transfer between space and global mental
health. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2020; 91(9):737745.

History

Journal

Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance

Volume

91

Issue

9

Pagination

737 - 745

Publisher

AEROSPACE MEDICAL ASSOC

Location

United States

ISSN

2375-6314

eISSN

2375-6322

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal