Deakin University
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Protocol for a home-based integrated physical therapy program to reduce falls and improve mobility in people with Parkinson’s disease

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journal contribution
posted on 2012-07-16, 00:00 authored by M Morris, C Martin, J McGinley, F Huxham, H Menz, N Taylor, M Danoudis, Jennifer WattsJennifer Watts, S Soe, A Evans, M Horne, P Kempster
Background The high incidence of falls associated with Parkinson’s disease (PD) increases the risk of injuries and immobility and compromises quality of life. Although falls education and strengthening programs have shown some benefit in healthy older people, the ability of physical therapy interventions in home settings to reduce falls and improve mobility in people with Parkinson’s has not been convincingly demonstrated.
Methods/design 180 community living people with PD will be randomly allocated to receive either a home-based integrated rehabilitation program (progressive resistance strength training, movement strategy training and falls education) or a home-based life skills program (control intervention). Both programs comprise one hour of treatment and one hour of structured homework per week over six weeks of home therapy. Blinded assessments occurring before therapy commences, the week after completion of therapy and 12 months following intervention will establish both the immediate and long-term benefits of home-based rehabilitation. The number of falls, number of repeat falls, falls rate and time to first fall will be the primary measures used to quantify outcome. The economic costs associated with injurious falls, and the costs of running the integrated rehabilitation program from a health system perspective will be established. The effects of intervention on motor and global disability and on quality of life will also be examined.
Discussion This study will provide new evidence on the outcomes and cost effectiveness of home-based movement rehabilitation programs for people living with PD.



BMC neurology




Article No.54


1 - 7


BioMed Central


London, England







Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article

Copyright notice

2012, BioMed Central