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Pyrrolidinium imides : a new family of molten salts and conductive plastic crystal phases

journal contribution
posted on 20.05.1999, 00:00 authored by D MacFarlane, P Meakin, J Sun, N Amini, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth
A new family of molten salts is reported, based on the N-alkyl, N-alkyl pyrrolidinium cation and the bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl)imide anion. Some of the members of the family are molten at room temperature, while the smaller and more symmetrical members have melting points around 100 °C. Of the room-temperature molten salt examples, the methyl butyl derivative exhibits the highest conductivity; at 2 × 10-3 S/cm this is the highest molten salt conductivity observed to date at room temperature among the ammonium salts. This highly conductive behavior is rationalized in terms of the role of cation planarity. The salts also exhibit multiple crystalline phase behavior below their melting points and exhibit significant conductivity in at least their higher temperature crystal phase. For example, the methyl propyl derivative (mp = 12 °C) shows ion conductivity of 1 × 10-6 S/cm at 0 °C in its higher temperature crystalline phase.

History

Journal

Journal of physical chemistry B : condensed matter, materials, surfaces, interfaces and biophysical

Volume

103

Issue

20

Pagination

4164 - 4170

Publisher

American Chemical Society

Location

Washington, D.C.

ISSN

1520-6106

eISSN

1520-5207

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

1999, American Chemical Society