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Quality of life and Kaposi sarcoma: using preference techniques to value the health gains from treatment

journal contribution
posted on 2002-09-01, 00:00 authored by A H Harris, Richard Osborne, C L Streeton, H McNeil
The goal of this work was to investigate preference techniques to value potential health gains from treatments of Kaposi sarcoma (KS). The study was designed to take the form of face-to-face interviews with a sample of men with a history of HIV/AIDS ( n=15) or HIV/AIDS and KS ( n=17). The main outcome measure was quality of life (QoL) associated with various KS disease states expressed on a scale from 0 (death) to 1 (perfect health), obtained though time trade-off (TTO) and rating scale techniques. For cutaneous lesions only, the mean TTO preference score value was 0.27. In other words, the men were willing to trade a life expectancy of 5 years for a shorter period (1.4 years) in perfect health. More severe KS health states were rated lower (0.07-0.09). The mean rating scale value for cutaneous lesions only was 0.11 and ranged from -0.10 to -0.04 for the more severe conditions; these values were systematically lower than the TTO ( P=0.014). A large overall potential gain in QoL from treatment (partial response minus stable disease) was found for each condition to be reflected in both the TTO (from 0.31 to 0.55) and the rating scale (from 0.38 to 0.44). Respondents associate KS health states with extremely poor QoL and indicate that large gains are possible through modest treatment effects. While TTO returns higher values than the rating scale, potential gains from treatments were similar. The techniques appear to be suitable for application to QoL and economic evaluation of treatments of KS.

History

Journal

Supportive care in cancer

Volume

10

Issue

6

Pagination

486 - 493

Publisher

Springer Verlag

Location

Berlin, Germany

ISSN

0941-4355

eISSN

1433-7339

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2002, Springer-Verlag

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