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Ramadan fasting improves liver function and total cholesterol in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

journal contribution
posted on 2020-01-01, 00:00 authored by Sara Ebrahimi, B P Gargari, F Aliasghari, F Asjodi, A Izadi
Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a serious global health problem, thus the prevention and management of the disease is necessary. This study aimed to determine the effects of Ramadan Fasting (RF) on liver function, Visceral Adiposity Index (VAI) and Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP) in these patients.Methods: Eighty-three NAFLD patients (57 males and 26 females) were enrolled in the study, 42 patients who practiced RF, between Jun 18 through July 17, 2015 and 41 patients in non-fasting groups. Anthropometric parameters and Ultrasound grading were measured before and after Ramadan. The biochemical parameters including lipid profiles (total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides), liver enzymes (Aspartate aminotransferase, SGOT and Alanine aminotransferase, SGPT) were evaluated before and after Ramadan. AIP and VAI were calculated based on formula.Results: The mean decreases in anthropometric indices were significantly different between groups. Similarly, the mean decrease in the total cholesterol values in the fasting group was remarkably greater than in the control group (p = 0.02). The values of AIP and VAI decreased at the end of the study in both group and the mean of changes showed no differences between groups (p = 0.79 and p = 0.65 for AIP and VAI, respectively). The changes in the concentrations of liver enzymes, as well as the severity of hepatic steatosis, showed remarkable differences between groups (p = 0.03, p = 0.05, and p = 0.02 for SGOT and SGPT, and Liver steatosis, respectively).Conclusion: RF improved liver steatosis in NAFLD patients and might be useful in the management of NAFLD.

History

Journal

International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research

Volume

90

Issue

1-2

Pagination

95 - 102

Publisher

Hogrefe

Location

Boston, Mass.

ISSN

0300-9831

eISSN

1664-2821

Language

eng.

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

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