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Rapid Additive Manufacturing of 3D Geometric Structures via Dual-Wavelength Polymerization
journal contributionposted on 2020-01-01, 00:00 authored by F Li, S C Thickett, F Maya, Egan DoevenEgan Doeven, Rosanne GuijtRosanne Guijt, M C Breadmore
A dual-wavelength photopolymerization process is presented, allowing for the volumetric fabrication of complex geometries using a multistep process. The methacrylate-based resin contained 0.1 wt % camphorquinone/0.1 wt % ethyl 4-(dimethylamino) benzoate and 0.2 wt % bis[2-(ochlorophenyl)-4,5-diphenylimidazole] as photoinitiator (473 nm) and photoinhibitor (365 nm), respectively. The photoinitiator and photoinhibitor concentrations were optimized to allow for photocuring to full depth (4.6 mm) following an exposure time of 2 min solely by 473 nm light, but no curing occurred when 365 nm light was present due to photoinhibition. This resin was validated using one-step volumetric fabrication of two objects containing voids defined by the 365 nm irradiation region. Two more complex structures were printed in a step-by-step manner, relying on the dynamic control of the projection patterns of both 365 and 473 nm projectors, decreasing the print time from 20 min using a commercially available single wavelength resin printer to 2 min.