Rapid directional change degrades GPS distance measurement validity during intermittent intensity running
journal contributionposted on 2014-04-01, 00:00 authored by Jonathan RawstornJonathan Rawstorn, Ralph MaddisonRalph Maddison, A Ali, A Foskett, N Gant
Use of the Global Positioning System (GPS) for quantifying athletic performance is common in many team sports. The effect of running velocity on measurement validity is well established, but the influence of rapid directional change is not well understood in team sport applications. This effect was systematically evaluated using multidirectional and curvilinear adaptations of a validated soccer simulation protocol that maintained identical velocity profiles. Team sport athletes completed 90 min trials of the Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle-running Test movement pattern on curvilinear, and multidirectional shuttle running tracks while wearing a 5 Hz (with interpolated 15 Hz output) GPS device. Reference total distance (13 200 m) was systematically over- and underestimated during curvilinear (2.61±0.80%) and shuttle (-3.17±2.46%) trials, respectively. Within-epoch measurement uncertainty dispersion was widest during the shuttle trial, particularly during the jog and run phases. Relative measurement reliability was excellent during both trials (Curvilinear r = 1.00, slope = 1.03, ICC = 1.00; Shuttle r = 0.99, slope = 0.97, ICC = 0.99). Absolute measurement reliability was superior during the curvilinear trial (Curvilinear SEM = 0 m, CV = 2.16%, LOA ± 223 m; Shuttle SEM = 119 m, CV = 2.44%, LOA ± 453 m). Rapid directional change degrades the accuracy and absolute reliability of GPS distance measurement, and caution is recommended when using GPS to quantify rapid multidirectional movement patterns.
Pagination1 - 6
PublisherPublic Library of Science
LocationSan Francisco, Calif.
Publication classificationC Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2014, Rawstorn et al.
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Geographic Information SystemsHumansOrientationReproducibility of ResultsRunningYoung AdultScience & TechnologyMultidisciplinary SciencesScience & Technology - Other TopicsGLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEMELITE RUGBY UNIONFIELD HOCKEYPHYSIOLOGICAL DEMANDSMOVEMENT PATTERNSMOTION ANALYSISRELIABILITYPERFORMANCESPEEDPLAYERS