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Reconstructing the Risk–Need–Responsivity model : a theoretical elaboration and evaluation

journal contribution
posted on 2007-03-01, 00:00 authored by Tony Ward, J Melser, P Yates
In this paper, we examine the theoretical strengths and weaknesses of the Risk–Need–Responsivity (RNR) model of offender rehabilitation. We briefly discuss the nature of rehabilitation theories and their core components and then review the three source theories associated with the RNR Model. Following this we set out to reconstruct the RNR model in light of this analysis, essentially arguing that there are at least three components to any rehabilitation theory: (a) primary aims, values and principles; (b) etiological and methodological assumptions; and (c) practice implications. We then evaluate the theoretical and empirical adequacy of the RNR model. Finally, we conclude the paper with a few comments on the policy, research, and clinical implications of our evaluation (and reconstruction) of this important rehabilitation model.

History

Journal

Aggression and violent behavior

Volume

12

Issue

2

Season

March-April

Pagination

208 - 228

Publisher

Elsevier Science

Location

New York, N. Y.

ISSN

1359-1789

eISSN

1873-6335

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2006, Elsevier

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