Deakin University

File(s) under embargo

Recruitment and baseline characteristics of young adults at risk of early-onset knee osteoarthritis after ACL reconstruction in the SUPER-Knee trial

journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-10, 00:31 authored by AG Culvenor, TJ West, AM Bruder, MJ Scholes, CJ Barton, EM Roos, EHG Oei, SM McPhail, RB Souza, J Lee, BE Patterson, MA Girdwood, JL Couch, KM Crossley, L Kimmel, S Liew, E Cross, C Cimoli, A Hardidge, P Choong, L Roddy, L Spiers, P Tran, P Schoch, K Bailey, Richard PageRichard Page, L Lewis, H Morris, N White, M Evans, A Carr, J Wong, D Van Bavel, M Alexander, S Talbot, R Kjar, L Spencer, R Hau, M Haberfield, L To, S Evans
ObjectivesThe study aims to (1) report the process of recruiting young adults into a secondary knee osteoarthritis prevention randomised controlled trial (RCT) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR); (2) determine the number of individuals needed to be screened to include one participant (NNS) and (3) report baseline characteristics of randomised participants.MethodsThe SUpervised exercise-therapy and Patient Education Rehabilitation (SUPER)-Knee RCT compares SUPER and minimal intervention for young adults (aged 18–40 years) with ongoing symptoms (ie, mean score of <80/100 from four Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score subscales (KOOS4)) 9–36 months post-ACLR. The NNS was calculated as the number of prospective participants screened to enrol one person. At baseline, participants provided medical history, completed questionnaires (demographic, injury/surgery, rehabilitation characteristics) and underwent physical examination.Results1044 individuals were screened to identify 567 eligible people, from which 184 participants (63% male) enrolled. The sample of enrolled participants was multicultural (29% born outside Australia; 2% Indigenous Australians). The NNS was 5.7. For randomised participants, mean±SD age was 30±6 years. The mean body mass index was 27.3±5.2 kg/m2, with overweight (43%) and obesity (21%) common. Participants were, on average, 2.3 years post-ACLR. Over half completed <8 months of postoperative rehabilitation, with 56% having concurrent injury/surgery to meniscus and/or cartilage. The most affected KOOS (0=worst, 100=best) subscale was quality of life (mean 43.7±19.1).ConclusionYoung adults post-ACLR were willing to participate in a secondary osteoarthritis prevention trial. Sample size calculations should be multiplied by at least 5.7 to provide an estimate of the NNS. The SUPER-Knee cohort is ideally positioned to monitor and intervene in the early development and trajectory of osteoarthritis.Trial registration numberACTRN12620001164987.



BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine



Article number





London, Eng.







Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal




BMJ Publishing Group