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Reducing the photocatalytic activity of zinc oxide quantum dots by surface modification
journal contributionposted on 2009-09-01, 00:00 authored by Jinfeng Wang, Takuya Tsuzuki, Lu Sun, Xungai Wang
The use of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as ultraviolet (UV) absorbers for many organic substrates is limited because of the high photocatalytic activity of ZnO. In this study, a facile and efficient technique for the preparation of a hybrid material of silica-coated ZnO nanoparticles was used to reduce the photocatalytic activity of ZnO. Monodispersed ZnO nanopartcles were prepared by wet chemistry and the particle surface was modified by tetraethylorthosilicate to form a silica coating via the Sto¨ ber method. ZnO samples, both before and after the coating process, were investigated by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, dynamic light scanning, infrared, and UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy. The effect of the surface modification on the photocatalytic activity of ZnO was studied by monitoring the degradation of Rhodamine B caused by photo-generated free radicals. The results implied that the photo-generation of free-radicals was strongly quenched by the presence of silica on the particle surface.
JournalJournal of the American ceramic society
Pagination2083 - 2088
LocationNew York, N. Y.
Publication classificationC1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2009, Deakin University