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Regulatory T cells prevent Inducible BALT formation by dampening neutrophilic inflammation
journal contributionposted on 2022-10-31, 01:45 authored by S Y Foo, V Zhang, A Lalwani, J P Lynch, A Zhuang, C E Lam, P S Foster, C King, R J Steptoe, S B Mazzone, Peter SlyPeter Sly, S Phipps
Inducible BALT (iBALT) can amplify pulmonary or systemic inflammatory responses to the benefit or detriment of the host. We took advantage of the age-dependent formation of iBALT to interrogate the underlying mechanisms that give rise to this ectopic, tertiary lymphoid organ. In this study, we show that the reduced propensity for weanling as compared with neonatal mice to form iBALT in response to acute LPS exposure is associated with greater regulatory T cell expansion in the mediastinal lymph nodes. Abor transgene-mediated depletion of regulatory T cells in weanling mice upregulated the expression of IL-17A and CXCL9 in the lungs, induced a tissue neutrophilia, and increased the frequency of iBALT to that observed in neonatal mice. Remarkably, neutrophil depletion in neonatal mice decreased the expression of the B cell active cytokines, a proliferation-inducing ligand and IL-21, and attenuated LPS-induced iBALT formation. Taken together, our data implicate a role for neutrophils in lymphoid neogenesis. Neutrophilic inflammation is a common feature of many autoimmune diseases in which iBALT are present and pathogenic, and hence the targeting of neutrophils or their byproducts may serve to ameliorate detrimental lymphoid neogenesis in a variety of disease contexts.