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Relationship between executive functioning and symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder in 6-8 year old children

Version 2 2024-06-06, 08:17
Version 1 2016-08-04, 13:36
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-06, 08:17 authored by RJ Neely, JL Green, Emma SciberrasEmma Sciberras, P Hazell, V Anderson
This study examined relationships between executive functioning (EF) and ADHD/ASD symptoms in 339 6-8 year-old children to characterise EF profiles associated with ADHD and ADHD + ASD. ADHD status was assessed using screening surveys and diagnostic interviews. ASD symptoms were measured using the Social Communication Questionnaire, and children completed assessments of EF. We found the EF profile of children with ADHD + ASD did not differ from ADHD-alone and that lower-order cognitive skills contributed significantly to EF. Dimensionally, ASD and inattention symptoms were differentially associated with EF, whereas hyperactivity symptoms were unrelated to EF. Differences between categorical and dimensional findings suggest it is important to use both diagnostic and symptom based approaches in clinical settings when assessing these children's functional abilities.

History

Journal

Journal of autism and developmental disorders

Volume

46

Pagination

3270-3280

Location

Berlin, Germany

ISSN

0162-3257

eISSN

1573-3432

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2016, Springer Science + Business Media New York

Issue

10

Publisher

Springer