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Renewable CO2 absorbent for carbon capture and biogas upgrading by membrane contactor
journal contributionposted on 2018-04-03, 00:00 authored by Q He, G Yu, S Yan, Ludovic DumeeLudovic Dumee, Y Zhang, V Strezov, Shuaifei ZhaoShuaifei Zhao
This study employs novel renewable absorbents derived from biogas slurry (BS) for biogas upgrading via membrane contactors. CO 2 absorption capacity of biogas slurry can be enhanced by adding alkali solutions, vacuum regeneration or vacuum membrane distillation (VMD). These methods are used to produce four types of renewable CO 2 solvents, including vacuum regenerated BS, recovered aqueous ammonia (RAA) from BS by VMD, calcium oxide treated BS and potassium hydroxide treated BS. These renewable absorbents for CO 2 capture from biogas by membrane contactors are investigated. CO 2 removal efficiency reduces but absorption rates increase with the rise in CO 2 volume fraction in the feed gas stream. Absorption temperature has a limited effect on CO 2 absorption rates of the renewable absorbents. RAA shows the best CO 2 absorption performance among the four types of renewable absorbents in the membrane contactor. RAA flowing on the tube side leads to a 50% higher CO 2 removal efficiency compared with RAA on the shell side. At low gas flow rates, partial absorbents and hollow fibers may not be utilized. Thus, selection of membrane module parameters, including the length of module, the number of hollow fibers, biogas flow rates and absorption performance, should be carefully considered when using membrane contactors for biogas upgrading.