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Resective surgery in infants and young children with intractable epilepsy
journal contributionposted on 2002-01-01, 00:00 authored by R G Bittar, J V Rosenfeld, G L Klug, I J Hopkins, A Simon Harvey
Despite the relatively high incidence of epilepsy during the first few years of life, and its documented adverse impact on development, few studies have documented the long term outcomes following epilepsy surgery in infants and young children. We report a consecutive series of 11 patients under 3 years of age who underwent excisional surgery for intractable seizures. A total of 16 resective procedures were performed, and comprised functional hemispherectomy, temporal lobectomy, and lesionectomy. The mean follow-up period was 3 years. At follow-up, 73% (8/11) were seizure-free, with over half of these patients able to cease anti-epileptic medications. Acceleration of neurodevelopment was seen in all patients in whom preoperative developmental delay was present. Quality of life was enhanced in all patients. This series confirms that excellent results can be obtained following excisional surgery in well-selected infants and young children with intractable seizures. © 2002, Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.