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Restriction of placental growth in sheep enhances placental metabolism of fetal beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity

journal contribution
posted on 1989-02-01, 00:00 authored by P C Owens, Julie Owens, M Lovelock, E C Chan, J Falconer, J S Robinson, R Smith
The opioid polypeptide beta-endorphin is present in fetal blood but it is not clear whether its source is the fetus or the placenta. We therefore measured beta-endorphin in extracts of fetal femoral arterial and umbilical venous blood plasma in sheep by radioimmunoassay to determine whether the fetus or the placenta is the major source of beta-endorphin in the fetal circulation. Chromatographic analysis of extracts of fetal arterial plasma showed that beta-lipotropin and other precursors of beta-endorphin made only a minor contribution to the immunoreactivity detected. Concentrations of immunoreactive beta-endorphin were higher in the femoral artery than in the umbilical vein in fetal sheep between 113 and 128 days of pregnancy. Therefore the placenta removes beta-endorphin or a closely related polypeptide of fetal origin from the umbilical circulation in sheep at this stage of gestation. Acute hypoxaemia and hypoglycaemia increase the concentrations of immunoassayable beta-endorphin in blood plasma of adult and fetal sheep, but little is known about the effects of chronic hypoxaemia or hypoglycaemia on the circulating levels of beta-endorphin and related polypeptides in the fetus. Therefore we also measured immunoreactive beta-endorphin in blood plasma from fetal sheep in which growth retardation in association with restricted placental growth was produced by removal of endometrial caruncles before mating. Intra-uterine growth retardation was accompanied by chronic hypoglycaemia and chronic hypoxaemia in the fetuses. This was not associated with higher concentrations of beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity in fetal arterial or umbilical venous plasma, but was accompanied by significantly increased placental extraction of fetal immunoreactive beta-endorphin from the umbilical circulation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

History

Journal

Journal of developmental physiology

Volume

11

Issue

2

Pagination

63 - 71

Publisher

Oxford Business Group

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

0141-9846

Language

eng

Publication classification

CN.1 Other journal article

Copyright notice

1989, Oxford Business Group